Borobudur Temple: A Majestic Buddhist Temple in Central Java

History of Borobudur Temple

Borobudur Temple, located in Magelang, Central Java, is a magnificent Buddhist temple and one of the most iconic landmarks in Indonesia. It was built during the Sailendra dynasty in the 8th and 9th centuries. The construction of Borobudur began around 800 AD and took approximately 75 years to complete. The temple was designed as a mandala, representing Buddhist cosmology, with three tiers symbolizing the realms of desire, form, and formlessness.

Who Built Borobudur Temple

Borobudur Temple was built under the patronage of the Sailendra dynasty, a ruling dynasty in Central Java. The identity of the architects and artisans who built the temple remains a mystery. Still, it is believed to have been commissioned by either King Samaratungga or his queen, Queen Pramudawardhani. The temple is a testament to the ancient Javanese civilisation’s advanced architectural and engineering skills.

Villages around Borobudur Temple

The area surrounding Borobudur Temple is dotted with traditional Javanese villages that add to the cultural charm of the region. One such village is Mendut, located just three kilometres from Borobudur. Mendut is famous for its smaller Buddhist temple of the same name, which houses three magnificent statues of Buddha. The village offers a glimpse into the local way of life, with its traditional houses, craft workshops, and serene rice fields.

Another notable village is Pawon, situated between Borobudur and Mendut. Pawon is renowned for its ancient Buddhist temple, also called Pawon Temple. This small yet significant temple is believed to have served as a place for monks to meditate during their pilgrimage from Mendut to Borobudur.

Tourism around Borobudur Temple

In addition to exploring the grandeur of Borobudur Temple, visitors can enjoy various other attractions in the vicinity. One popular destination is Bukit Rhema, a hill that offers a breathtaking view of Borobudur at sunrise. The panoramic vista from Bukit Rhema allows visitors to witness the temple emerging from the mist-covered valleys, creating a mystical and awe-inspiring sight.

In the Bukit Rhema, there is also a place where you can buy souvenirs such as Cardigan Batik, Batik Pants, and other beautiful Batik items to bring as souvenirs when visiting Borobudur Temple in Magelang.


For nature enthusiasts, the nearby Menoreh Hills provide opportunities for hiking and exploring the lush green landscapes. The hills are adorned with picturesque villages, terraced rice fields, and serene waterfalls, making it an ideal place for nature lovers to unwind.

Another fascinating attraction is the Borobudur Archaeological Museum, located just a short distance from the temple. The museum houses a vast collection of artefacts and relics discovered during the restoration of Borobudur. It offers insights into the region’s history, culture, and artistic heritage.

Is Borobudur Worth Visiting Today

Absolutely! Borobudur Temple is undoubtedly worth visiting for its historical significance, an architectural marvel, and spiritual ambience. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attracts millions of visitors yearly. Exploring the intricate stone carvings, climbing the temple’s terraces, and witnessing the mesmerizing sunrise from Punthuk Setumbu are experiences that leave a lasting impression.

Moreover, the surrounding villages and natural attractions offer a well-rounded experience, allowing visitors to immerse themselves.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You May Also Like